Europe can create a long term solution for migration : Bring prosperity to Northern Africa by developing much more agriculture there, a green fence of agriculture and prosperity. Therefore new farmers, grow energy crops, and bio-based fuel, which is finally exported to Europe. Because Europe’s fossil power plants need this to become CO2 negative, to fight the expected overshoot in CO2 and global warming.
New agriculture needs fresh water. This can be produced with desalination plants, powered with renewable energy, abundantly available in Northern Africa.
Europe should start with building more desalination installations and wind and solar farms to power them. Fresh water is the beginning of more prosperity in Northern Africa, a positive reason for climate refugees to stay there. Because of the positive meaning of fresh water, the installations that support the production, will have support in local society and it welcomes migration.
Stop migration with a prosperous Africa
European leaders think they have a migration problem. But migration is above all, just a symptom of climate change. Furthermore they want to pay off some countries to keep migrants in camps. But fencing off Europa in this way is not a solution for migration, because the big difference in prosperity between Africa en Europa remains.
So, a real solution is to give migrants a decent job in a place with some prosperity, so they have a positive reason to stay in that prosperous area.
As the Dutch say, we, Europe has to enlarge the pie, so there is enough for everyone, including migrants, in Northern Africa.
Europe needs energy, grown in Northern Africa
A good way to generate prosperity in Northern Africa is growing and exporting energy crops for Europe. Europe needs energy, and it has to reduce CO2 emission. Northern Africa has the unused space to grow these crops, and give farmers a job.
And Northern Africa has the Mediterranean nearby.
And it has an abundance of renewable energy to desalinate seawater to freshwater.
So everything is available to start bringing prosperity to Northern Africa.
One thing is missing, European leaders, heads of government, that decide that fencing off Europe is not enough, and that they themselves have to contribute to more prosperity for all Africans.
Europe has to ignite this development, with more fresh water and the decision to buy energy crops, or bio-fuel. And that they will see to it that migrant gets part of the new jobs too.
The big desalination project, funded by Europe
So, to start this fight against climate change, and migration, Europe should help Northern African communities to produce more fresh water, for people first, and agriculture too.
In addition, universities add some knowledge of growing energy crops in irrigated desert land. The Netherlands has Wageningen University, that could provide this knowledge, and others can do that too.
Consequently, European countries could adopt specific area’s in Northern Africa.
European leaders call for climate refugee camps “in the region”. Migrants show they will not stay in “camps” by risking their life when crossing the Mediterranean, So, larger parts of Northern Africa should become a prosperous place to live. This is in the direct interest of European leaders with their Migration Problem
The fight against climate change needs CCS on many fossil power plants
The IPCC concluded that many large CO2 emitters, need to apply CCS, CO2 capture and sequestration of some sort, storage of CO2 or conversion to a substance. Because the global CO2 budget to keep global warming below 1,5 to 2 degrees, is almost exhausted. And there is no sign that CO2 emission will slow down significantly. Almost all countries agreed in the Paris climate agreement in 2015, they should keep global warming below 2 degrees, preferably below 1,5 degrees.
But their National CO2 reduction plans, summed up, do not reach even 30% of that goal.
So IPCC scientists and report writers, conclude in their reports that countries need to deploy technology to capture CO2 and fix it somewhere. One of these methods is BECCS, burning biomass in coal plants, fitted with CCS.
First Africa captures the CO2 from the air, with agriculture, because they have the unused space.
Then Europe buys the biomass and burns it in their coal plants with CCS.
Together Africa and Europe reduce CO2 in the Biosphere and reduce the climate problem, while acting on the findings of real scientists, and ignoring Greenpeace natural gas lobbyists.
The Dutch even want to go Dutch on CO2 reduction
The current Dutch government has decided to close their coal plants, and import fossil power. These Dutch coal plants are build after 2005, and prepared to apply CCS. Closing them will not reduce CO2 emission, but move both power production and Dutch CO2 emission to fossil power plants in neighbouring countries.
Today and the coming 20 to 30 years, most power will come from coal plants. While renewable sources will grow, and push back coal power generation, fossil sources remain necessary, because society needs the power.
Fuel, both fossil and biomass is a cheap way to store power
Furthermore wind and sun have their daily variation, so fossil power plants will remain necessary to balance that, because also for balancing power, fossil power plants will be very cheap. Other ways to create storage, will be much more expensive that fossil power plants.
For the Dutch, Germany has about 5 times the power generation capacity. Even when they would stop using coal, this will be in small steps. While other sources grow, creating remaining pockets of fossil power generation, that will deliver cheap power for the Dutch. Because NW Europe has a free market for power.
IPCC science needs serious consideration in stead of fact free politics and lobby
Its time that serious but fact free politicians and fact free lobbyists like Greenpeace accept the science in IPCC reports. CCS is required to reduce CO2 emission directly and make power plants places of negative emission with biomass.
This is confirmed by the Dutch environmental agency PBL. Their scientists calculated the price of CO2 reduction in the Dutch context, at 25 to 35 EUR per ton CO2.
Unfortunately the Dutch right wing government of Mark Rutte does not want to pay this low price to effectively fight climate change. He plans to dump Dutch CO2 emission in Germany. The Dutch way of CO2 reduction.